Sweet white clover
Range: Scattered at low to middle elevations. Common in S half of BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains, rare to the W and N; introduced from Eurasia.
Description: Annual or biennial herb from a taproot, sweet-scented in drying; stems erect, 0.5-2 m tall, freely branched. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound; leaflets 3, oblong-elliptic to egg-shaped, 1-4 cm long, short-hairy to glabrous. A slender, spike-like, axillary raceme of 20 to 50 or more pea-like flowers, the racemes 5-20 cm long on stalks from shorter to longer than the leaves; corollas white, 4-5 mm long. Pods, egg-shaped, somewhat flattened but still plump, nodding, 3-6 mm long, somewhat leathery, glabrous, net-veined, 1-chambered; seeds 1 or 2.
Ecology: Mesic to dry fields, roadsides and waste places.
Notes: Introduced. In some areas, sweet-clovers are important nectar plants for honeybees.
- Pojar, J. and A. MacKinnon. 1994. Plants of Coastal British Columbia: including Washington, Oregon & Alaska. Lone Pine Publishing. Vancouver. 528 p.