Seashore saltgrass

Distichlis spicata var. spicata

Range: var. spicata frequent in SW BC, S to CA, disjunct to E coast of North America; var. stricta – common in SC BC, E to SK and S to MO, OK, TX and CA.

Description: Perennial, dioecious grass from rhizomes, the rhizomes extensive, sharp-tipped, sometimes more or less stoloniferous; stems solid, sometimes decumbent, 10-40 cm tall/long. Leaf blades 2-4 mm wide, mostly in-rolled, smooth or soft-hairy to stiff-hairy on the upper surface; ligules about 0.5 mm long, the margins irregularly jagged, more or less fringed with coarse hairs, the fronts of the collars with many hairs, 0.5-3 mm long.  Inflorescence a compact to loose panicle 3-8 cm long.

Ecology: Sandy lake shores and moist alkaline meadows in the steppe zone (var. stricta) or coastal beaches and salt marshes (var. spicata).


  • Eflora
  • Pojar, J. and A. MacKinnon.  1994.  Plants of coastal British Columbia: including Washington, Oregon & Alaska. Lone Pine Publishing. Vancouver. 528 p.

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