Black hawthorn

Crataegus douglasii var. suksdorfii

Range: Frequent in S BC north to 56 N; N to S AK, E to ON and S to SD, WY and CA.  This variety grows west of the Cascade mountains.

Description: Medium to tall shrub to 10m tall, with stout, straight thorns to 3 cm long; bark grey or brownish, rough and scaly.  Leaves are alternate, deciduous, thick and leathery, egg-shaped to oval, 3-6 cm long, irregularly toothed, the top end often with 5 to 9 shallow lobesFlowers have white petals (5), nearly circular, 1 cm across, stinky.

Ecology: Moist to mesic, open rocky slopes, bluffs, streambanks, lakeshores, gullies, thickets, edges of forests in the lowland to montane zones.

Notes:  Thorns had many uses including lances for probing skin blisters or piercing ears and fish hooks.  The wood is very hard and was used for making tool handles and weapons.

Sources:  

  • Eflora
  • Pojar, J. and A. MacKinnon.  1994.  Plants of coastal British Columbia: including Washington, Oregon & Alaska. Lone Pine Publishing. Vancouver. 528 p.

Learn about the importance and diversity of our wetlands

Wetlandkeepers is a 2½ day introduction to wetland identification and stewardship. The course offers individuals an opportunity for hands-on practice of wetland conservation skills, such as conducting wetland, plant and bird surveys, wetland mapping and raising public awareness. It is a fun, and often muddy weekend, for all ages. Participants that successfully complete the course are awarded a Wetlandkeepers Certificate.